Sat 19 Jm2 1435 - 19 April 2014
10468

Belief in the Books and Messengers

Who are the Prophets who were sent by Allaah? What are the Books which were sent down with them?

Praise be to Allaah.

When Allaah sent Adam down to the earth and his descendents spread out, He did not forsake them. Rather He gave them provision and sent down to him and his descendents revelation. So some of them believed and some of them disbelieved: 

“And verily, We have sent among every Ummah (community, nation) a Messenger (proclaiming): ‘Worship Allaah (Alone), and avoid (or keep away from) Taaghoot (all false deities, i.e. do not worship Taaghoot besides Allaah).’ Then of them were some whom Allaah guided and of them were some upon whom the straying was justified”[al-Nahl 16:36 – interpretation of the meaning] 

There are four heavenly books which Allaah sent down. They are the Tawraat (Torah),  Injeel (Gospel), Zaboor (Psalms)and the Qur’aan: 

“It is He Who has sent down the Book (the Qur’aan) to you (Muhammad) with truth, confirming what came before it. And He sent down the Tawraat (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel)”

[Aal ‘Imraan 3:3 – interpretation of the meaning]  

And Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): 

“and to Dawood (David) We gave the Zaboor (Psalms)”

[al-Israa’ 17:55] 

The Prophets and Messengers were many, and no one knows their number except Allaah. Among them are those of whom Allaah has told us, and some of whom He has not told us: 

“And Messengers We have mentioned to you before, and Messengers We have not mentioned to you”[al-Nisaa’ 4:164 – interpretation of the meaning] 

It is obligatory to believe in all the Books which Allaah has revealed and in all the Prophets and Messengers whom Allaah has sent, as He says (interpretation of the meaning): 

“O you who believe! Believe in Allaah, and His Messenger (Muhammad), and the Book (the Qur’aan) which He has sent down to His Messenger, and the Scripture which He sent down to those before (him); and whosoever disbelieves in Allaah, His Angels, His Books, His Messengers, and the Last Day, then indeed he has strayed far away”[al-Nisaa’ 4:136] 

Rasool (Messenger) and Nabi (Prophet) are two names with the same meaning, which is someone whom Allaah sent to call the people to worship Allaah alone, one of the Prophets and Messengers whom Allaah chose and sent to His slaves to convey His religion: 

“Messengers as bearers of good news as well as of warning in order that mankind should have no plea against Allaah after the (coming of) Messengers”[al-Nisaa’ 4:165 – interpretation of the meaning] 

The Prophets and Messengers are many, of whom Allaah has mentioned twenty five in the Qur’aan, and we are obliged to believe in all of them. They are: Aadam, Idrees, Nooh, Hood, Saalih, Ibraaheem, Loot, Ismaa’eel, Ishaaq, Ya’qoob, Yoosuf, Shu’ayb, Ayyoob, Dhu’l-Kifl, Moosa, Haaroon, Dawood, Sulaymaan, Ilyaas, al-Yasa’, Yoonus, Zakariyya, Yahyaa, ‘Eesa and Muhammad – blessings and peace be upon them all. 

The Qur’aan is the greatest and last of the heavenly Books, and it abrogates the books which came before it and is a witness over them, so we must follow it and ignore those which came before it:

 “And We have sent down to you (O Muhammad) the Book (this Qur’aan) in truth, confirming the Scripture that came before it and Mohaymin (trustworthy in highness and a witness) over it (old Scriptures). So judge among them by what Allaah has revealed”[al-Maa’idah 5:48 – interpretation of the meaning] 

Allaah chose Messengers and Prophets from among the sons of Adam, and sent them to each nation, and commanded them to call them to worship Allaah alone and to explain the ways which would bring happiness in this world and in the Hereafter, and to bring glad tidings of Paradise to those who believed and the warning of Hell to those who disbelieved: 

“And verily, We have sent among every Ummah (community, nation) a Messenger (proclaiming): ‘Worship Allaah (Alone), and avoid (or keep away from) Taaghoot (all false deities, i.e. do not worship Taaghoot besides Allaah).’ Then of them were some whom Allaah guided and of them were some upon whom the straying was justified”[al-Nahl 16:36 – interpretation of the meaning] 

Allaah preferred some of the Prophets and Messengers over others. The best of them are the “Messengers of strong will” who are Nooh, Ibraaheem, Moosa, ‘Eesa and Muhammad; and the best of the Messengers of strong will is Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). For each Prophet was sent only to his own people, until Allaah sent Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) to all of mankind. He is the last and the best of the Prophets and Messengers, as Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): 

“And We have not sent you (O Muhammad) except as a giver of glad tidings and a warner to all mankind, but most of men know not”[Saba’ 34:28 – interpretation of the meaning] 

The Prophets and Messengers were chosen by Allaah to be an example to their nations. He taught them, guided them and honoured them with the Message; He protected them from falling into sin and supported them with miracles. So they are the most perfect of humanity both physically and in their attitude, the best of them in knowledge, the most truthful in speech, the most exemplary in the life they lived. Allaah says of them (interpretation of the meaning): 

“And We made them leaders, guiding (mankind) by Our Command, and We revealed to them the doing of good deeds, performing Salaah (Iqaamat-as-Salaah), and the giving of Zakaah and of Us (Alone) they were the worshippers”[al-Anbiyaa’ 21:73] 

Because the Prophets and Messengers reached such a high status of obedience and good character , Allaah has commanded us to take them as an example. Allaah says ((interpretation of the meaning): 

“They are those whom Allaah had guided. So follow their guidance”[al-An’aam 6:90] 

All of the characteristics of the Prophets and Messengers were combined in our Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), and Allaah honoured him by instilling in him the noblest characteristics. Therefore Allaah stated that his example is to be followed in all situations: 

“Indeed in the Messenger of Allaah (Muhammad) you have a good example to follow for him who hopes for (the Meeting with) Allaah and the Last Day, and remembers Allaah much

[al-Ahzaab 33:21 – interpretation of the meaning]  

Belief in all the Prophets and Messengers is one of the pillars of Islamic belief (‘aqeedah), without which the faith of the Muslim cannot be complete, because they all preached the same message, which is belief in Allaah. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): 

“Say (O Muslims): ‘We believe in Allaah and that which has been sent down to us and that which has been sent down to Ibraaheem (Abraham), Ismaa’eel (Ishmael), Ishaaq (Isaac), Ya‘qoob (Jacob), and to Al-Asbaat [the offspring of the twelve sons of Ya‘qoob (Jacob)], and that which has been given to Moosa (Moses) and ‘Isa (Jesus), and that which has been given to the Prophets from their Lord. We make no distinction between any of them, and to Him we have submitted (in Islam)’” [al-Baqarah 2:136] 

From Usool al-Deen al-Islami by Shaykh Muhammad ibn Ibraaheem al-Tuwayjri
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