Thu 17 Jm2 1435 - 17 April 2014
145

Husband and wife must stay in same house during iddah

Is it permissable for the husband to move out of the home during the
iddah of his wife? For what period of time is he required to maintain her
after he pronounces divorce? If he abandons the home and does not maintain her, what does the Sharee'ah say about such actions?

All Praise is due to Allah the Almighty.
It is mandatory that a divorced woman stay in her husband's home during
the period of iddah (specifically after the first and second divorce).
It is not permissible for her husband to force her out of the home.
The verse from the Qur'an which asserts this is al-Talaaq (65:1), (interpretation
of the meaning):

"... and do not force them out of their homes, nor shall they (themselves)
leave, except in the case where they are guilty of open illegal sexual
intercourse..."

The husband is also obliged to provide for her during this period of
iddah, as she is still under his guardianship ('isma).
It is permissible for the woman to beautify herself for her husband during
the iddah. In fact, one of the reasons for iddah is to provide a period of
reflection and contemplation, so each party may consider the consequences and review the decisions and circumstances, so as to provide a chance for them to get back together.

If the husband abandons the house or forces the wife out, then the reasons
for which Allah has ordained this period have been missed. Thus, it is incumbent upon the husband to beware of this, as he would be disobeying
a command from Allah.

There is nothing wrong with her going out of the house for visits, etc.,
with his permission, just as before her divorce.

Regarding the length of the iddah, please refer to question #31.

May Allah guide us to the right path.

Islam Q&A
Sheikh Muhammed Salih Al-Munajjid
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