What is the minimum threshold for zakaah on agricultural produce? Is there a difference between crops that are irrigated by rainfall and crops that are irrigated by mechanical means? What is the rate that should be paid on dates and grains?.
The Messenger (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) explained the nisaab for grains and crops, which is five wasqs, and a wasq is sixty saa‘s. So the nisaab is three hundred saa‘s measured by the saa‘ of the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him), of dates, grapes, and grains such as corn, barley, rice and so on. The saa‘ of the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) is equal to two handfuls scooped up by someone with hands of average size, and each handful is equivalent to a mudd. This is the amount of a saa‘. In terms of weight it is four hundred and eight (480) mithqaal, and a mudd is one hundred and twenty (120) mithqaal, of grains that are of an average size, neither very heavy nor light. [So the nisaab is equal to approximately 612 kilograms]
If the grains are irrigated by rainfall and rivers, then (the rate of zakaah) is one tenth, or one hundred saa‘s from every thousand saa‘s, and so on. If they are irrigated by mechanical means or using animals (to bring water) such as camels and so on, then one-half of one-tenth is due, i.e., fifty from every thousand. The same ruling also applies to dates. End quote.
Shaykh ‘Abd al-‘Azeez ibn Baaz (may Allah have mercy on him)