I live in France, and my wife is going to leave to Syria to give birth there. I read on your website about the rulings on the newborn and the ‘aqeeqah, but I want to ask you: is it permissible to delay the ‘aqeeqah until I go to Syria in a few months time, in sha Allah, or does it have to be done after the birth? Do I have to do appoint someone to buy it, slaughter it and distribute it on my behalf?.
The ‘aqeeqah is Sunnah and mustahabb; it is not obligatory at all, so there is no sin on the one who does not do it, or the one who delays it and does not do it at the time that is mustahabb, although he misses out on the virtue and reward of that. (He may delay it) until he is able to do it, or he may omit it.
See the answer to question no. 38197
The Sunnah with regard to the ‘aqeeqah is to do it on the seventh day, and delaying it until after that is contrary to the Sunnah, because the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “Every child is in pledge for his ‘aqeeqah which should be sacrificed for him on the seventh day, and his head should be shaved and he should be given a name.”
Narrated by Abu Dawood (2838); classed as saheeh by Shaykh al-Albaani in Saheeh Abi Dawood.
Al-Layth ibn Sa‘d said: The ‘aqeeqah should be offered for the newborn on the seventh day; if they are not able to offer the ‘aqeeqah on the seventh day, there is nothing wrong with them doing so afterwards. It is not obligatory to offer the ‘aqeeqah for him after seven days.
End quote from Tuhfat al-Mawdood, p. 63
Ibn al-Qayyim (may Allah have mercy on him) said:
If it is slaughtered on his behalf on the fourth or eighth or tenth day, or after that, it is acceptable.
End quote from Tuhfat al-Mawdood, p. 63
The Scholars of the Standing Committee said:
The ‘aqeeqah is a Sunnah mu’akkadah (confirmed Sunnah), two sheep on behalf of a boy, each of which should be acceptable as an udhiyah, and one sheep on behalf of a girl. It should be slaughtered on the seventh day, and if it is delayed until after the seventh day it is permissible to slaughter it at any time. There is no sin in delaying it, although it is preferable to do it sooner if possible.
End quote from Fataawa al-Lajnah ad-Daa’imah, 11/439
There is nothing to say that the ‘aqeeqah should not be delayed if there is a reason to delay it or if doing so will achieve a better purpose, and so on.
Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzaan (may Allah preserve him) was asked:
If I am in my city and Allah blessed me with a baby boy or girl, but I will not be able to go back to my husband in the other city where he lives until after a month or more, do I have to do the ‘aqeeqah on the seventh or fourteenth or twenty-first day as mentioned in the hadeeth of ‘Aa’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her), or is it permissible for me to delay it until I go back to my husband and do it when I am with him?
There is nothing to say that slaughtering of the ‘aqeeqah cannot be delayed until a time that is more suitable and easier for the parents or for one of them. Rather slaughtering it on the seventh or twenty-first day is recommended if that is possible. But if it is not possible then there is nothing wrong with delaying it until another time, according to what they are able to do. It should be noted that slaughtering the ‘aqeeqah should be done by the father of the child and it is one of the rights that the child has over his father.
End quote from al-Muntaqa min Fataawa al-Fawzaan, 84/5
If you are able to appoint someone among your family or acquaintances to slaughter the ‘aqeeqah on time, this is better and is preferable to delaying it until the time of your arrival.
But if that is too difficult for you or you do not have enough money to do that, or you do not have anyone who can do that on your behalf, then as stated above there is nothing wrong with delaying it, especially if there is a reason preventing you from slaughtering it on time.
Please see the answer to question no. 132524
And Allah knows best.