219642: The filthy act of bestiality did not occur at the time of the Sahaabah (may Allah be pleased with them)


In a religious discussion with some secular friends about the sex/intercourse of a human with animals,a hadith of Musnad Ahmed was come in discussion in which the Prophet Muhammad(PBUH) ordered to kill both the object and subject involved in such a bitter and big sin.My colleagues claimed that such brutal incidents were present at the time of Prophet Muhammad(PBUH),so that is why He ordered such punishments.I was not agree with their claim because I have firm believe that the people present at that time were the best in the entire mankind till the qay’amah.Please help out me in this matter

Praise be to Allah.

Firstly: 

What you mentioned about your belief in the purity of the generation of the Sahaabah (may Allah be pleased with them) and that they were the best of humanity until the onset of the Hour, is true. 

The Sahaabah (may Allah be pleased with them) were the purest and most refined of people, and those who feared Allah, may He be exalted, the most, after the Prophets and Messengers. There was never and there will never be any like them in virtue. Allah, may He be exalted, praised them in many verses (of the Qur’an), and the Messenger (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) also praised them in many hadeeths, some of which were quoted in fatwa no. 83121 

The Sahaabah (may Allah be pleased with them) were not infallible and free of sin; some of them committed a few sins, on rare occasions, but they were quick to repent and turn back to Allah, may He be exalted, like a summer cloud that passed over the heart and overshadowed the realities of faith for a few moments, so it became weak and was overwhelmed by desires, but once that cloud had passed, the heart was filled with light once again and hastened to repent to Allah. That generation was uniquely ideal, even the sinners among them. Read the story of Maa‘iz and the Ghaamidi woman who committed zina, then when they came to their senses after committing that sin, they were not content until they came to the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) and insisted that he should purify them by carrying out the hadd punishment on them. May Allah be pleased with them. 

But Allah, may He be glorified and exalted, protected that generation from those sins which are indicative of depravity and corruption of human nature, such as the filthy acts of homosexuality, lesbianism and bestiality. Such acts were definitely not done by the companions of the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him). There is no known report of anyone being brought to the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) because of having committed sins such as these. 

Ibn al-Qayyim (may Allah have mercy on him) said: 

There is no proven report from the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) to say that he passed judgement concerning any case of homosexuality, because this was not known among the Arabs, and no such case was brought to him (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him). But it is proven that he said: “Execute the one who does it and the one to whom it is done.” This was narrated by the authors of the four Sunans, and its isnaad is saheeh. At-Tirmidhi said: It is a hasan hadeeth. End quote from Zaad al-Ma‘aad (5/36-37) 

A similar example is that of bestiality. There is no known case of anyone being brought to the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) for having done such an act. The hadeeth that mentions it does not mean that it happened at the time of the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him). 

It was narrated that Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “If you find that someone has had intercourse with an animal, kill him and kill the animal too.” Narrated by Abu Dawood (4464) and at-Tirmidhi (1455) – this version was narrated by him. The scholars differed as to the soundness of this report; some of them classed it as saheeh and others classed it as da‘eef. 

Even if we assume that it is saheeh, there is nothing in the hadeeth to suggest that this obscene deed occurred at the time of the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) for the following reasons: 

1.     There is nothing in the wording of this hadeeth to suggest that any particular person had done this act.

2.     The hadeeth says “If you find that someone has…” Here the Messenger (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) was stating and affirming the shar‘i ruling, and it is addressed to the entire ummah. It was not addressed specifically to the Sahaabah (may Allah be pleased with them). 

To sum up: 

The claim of this secular man – we ask Allah to guide him – is a false claim which cannot be true. This filthy act of bestiality did not occur among the pure Sahaabah (may Allah be pleased with them). 

Secondly: 

Secularism is a corrupt school of thought and it poses a danger to the religious commitment of the Muslim because the secularist is not looking for truth; rather he is looking for whatever is in harmony with his whims and desires. Hence you will find that the secularist is always looking for specious arguments that he can stir up, but at the same time he blocks his ears and averts his eyes from the evidence and the texts of the revelation. 

You should strive to guide this man by explaining what is wrong with this school of thought (secularism) and how it is deviant. 

For more information, please see fatwa no. 121550

And Allah knows best.

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