220664: His wife admitted to him that his children were from another man; what should he do?


my ex-wife after I divorced her revealed to me and affirmed more than 3 times that the I did not father the kids with her and named another man which was done via skype messenger / handwritten / documented for whoever wants to see proof. When the 2 boys were born they were not attributed to me neither by name or registration and Iothers challenged her continuously to get it changed whilst we were married but she avoided it, she also has two other children from a previous marriage and their father is attributed to them via birth and registration, she has never lied to me before, She has accused herself / admitted to zina. Does Li’ aan apply?, Do these children have any rights over me? Do I reject them? I live far from them and haven’t seen or spoke to them since the divorce, her admission was done outside of marriage & not under duress. Shall I just leave the situation as it is? I do not know whether the children are mine for sure because of all the facts and doubts that she has brought upon them. We haven’t communicated since she made the revelation. Is this a doubtful matter and best to avoid? Please advise.

Praise be to Allah.

Islamic teaching pays a great deal of attention to the issue of lineage or confirmation of paternity; it accepts the confirmation of paternity on the basis of the slightest evidence whilst it sets out stringent conditions for allowing denial of paternity. 

It says in al-Muhadhdhab by ash-Shiraazi (3/84): The husband’s paternity should be accepted and confirmed if a woman produces a child that may or may not be the husband’s, on the basis that precedence should be given to confirming paternity rather than denying it.

End quote. 

The teachings of Islam rule that the child belongs to the husband, as is indicated by the words of the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him): “The child is for the (owner of the) bed (i.e., the husband) and the fornicator gets nothing.” Narrated by al-Bukhaari (2053), Muslim (1457) 

Based on that, these children to whom your wife gave birth when she was married to you are your children and are to be attributed to you, and that is not to be denied merely on the basis of this claim of their mother’s. 

With regard to the question of whether li‘aan is required, you are not obliged to engage in li‘aan in order to deny that they are your children. But if you think it most likely that the woman is telling the truth, then it is permissible for you to deny that they are your children by engaging in li‘aan, and it is permissible for you to refrain from engaging in li‘aan and to attribute them to yourself, based on the words of the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him): “The child is for the (owner of the) bed (the husband)”. 

It says in Fataawa al-Lajnah ad-Daa’imah (20/339): If a married woman commits zina and becomes pregnant – then the child is to attributed to the (owner) of the bed – i.e., the husband, because of the saheeh hadeeth. If the owner of the bed wants to deny the child by means of li‘aan, he may do so in front of the sharee‘ah court. End quote. 

And Allah knows best.

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