38606: Naafil prayers in congregation


Is it permissible to offer naafil prayers in congregation, such as qiyaam al-layl or Duha prayer?.

Praise be to Allaah.

There is nothing wrong with offering naafil prayers in congregation, but that should not be done on an ongoing basis, rather it may only be done sometimes. 

Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: 

Voluntary prayers done in congregation are of two types, one of which it is Sunnah to do in congregation, such as the eclipse prayer, prayers for rain, and qiyaam during Ramadaan (Taraweeh). These are always done in congregation as is the Sunnah. The second type are not done in congregation, such as qiyaam al-layl, the regular Sunnah prayers, Duha prayer, tahiyyat al-masjid (greeting the mosque) and so on. But if they are done in congregation occasionally, that is permissible. As for doing them in congregation on an ongoing basis, that is not prescribed, rather it is a reprehensible innovation. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and the Sahabaah and Taabi’een were not accustomed to offering naafil prayers in congregation. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) only rarely offered voluntary prayers in congregation. He used to pray qiyaam al-layl on his own, but when Ibn 'Abbaas stayed overnight with him, he prayed with him. On another occasion, Hudhayfah prayed with him, and on another occasion Ibn Mas’ood prayed with him. Similarly he also prayed at the house of ‘Utbaan ibn Maalik al-Ansaari, in a place that he (‘Utbaan) took as a prayer place for himself, so he prayed with him, and he also led Anas and his mother and the orphan in prayer, but in general his voluntary prayers were offered alone. End quote. 

Majmoo’ al-Fataawa (23/414). 

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) was asked: What is the ruling on offering naafil prayers in congregation, such as Duha prayer? 

He replied: 

There is nothing wrong with offering naafil prayers in congregation occasionally, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) led his companions in naafil prayers on some nights. On one occasion ‘Abd-Allaah ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with him) prayed with him, and on another occasion ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Mas’ood (may Allaah be pleased with him) prayed with him, and on one occasion Hudhayfah ibn al-Yamaan (may Allaah be pleased with him) prayed with him. Hudhayfah narrated that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) recited al-Baqarah, al-Nisa’ and Aal ‘Imraan, and he did not reach a verse that spoke of seeking refuge with Allaah but he sought refuge with Him, and he did not reach a verse that spoke of mercy but he asked for mercy. ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Mas’ood prayed with the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) one night, and the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) stood for a long time; ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Mas’ood said: Until I thought of something bad. It was said: What is the bad thing that you thought of? He said: Sitting down and leaving him – that was because he (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) stood for such a long time. ‘Abd-Allaah ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with him) stood and prayed with the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) one night, standing on his left, and the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) took hold of his head and made him stand on his right. 

Conclusion:  

There is nothing wrong in offering some naafil prayers in congregation, but this should not be a regular habit such that every regular Sunnah prayer is offered in congregation, because that is not prescribed. End quote. 

Majmoo’ Fataawa Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (14/334).

Islam Q&A
Create Comments