Wed 23 Jm2 1435 - 23 April 2014
87711

She had an operation and cannot do ghusl following menses. Can she do tayammum?

I have had surgery and I have had my monthly period, and I want to pray. What should I do? Should I do tayammum? What is the way to do tayammum following menses? Should I do tayammum for each prayer?.

Praise be to Allaah.

The woman who has her menses must do ghusl (full ablution) when she becomes pure from menses and wants to pray. If she is unable to do ghusl because she is not able to use water, because she cannot get out of bed or because the water will harm her, then she may do tayammum. 

Shaykh Ibn Baaz (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: Because Islamic sharee’ah is based on ease, Allaah, may He be glorified and exalted, has made worship easier for those who are excused, according to their excuses, so that they will be able to worship Him without any hardship. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):  

“and [Allaah] has not laid upon you in religion any hardship”

[al-Hajj 22:78] 

“Allaah intends for you ease, and He does not want to make things difficult for you”

[al-Baqarah 2:185] 

“So keep your duty to Allaah and fear Him as much as you can”

[al-Taghaabun 64:16] 

And the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “When I command you to do a thing, do as much of it as you can” and “Religion is easy.” 

If a sick person is not able to purify himself with water, by doing wudoo’ in the case of minor impurity or ghusl in the case of major impurity, because he is unable to do so or because he is afraid that it may make the sickness worse or delay his recovery, then he may do tayammum, which means striking his hands once on clean dust, then wiping his face with the insides of his fingers and rubbing his hands together, because Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): 

“And if you are ill, or on a journey, or one of you comes after answering the call of nature, or you have been in contact with women (by sexual relations) and you find no water, perform Tayammum with clean earth and rub therewith your faces and hands (Tayammum)”

[al-Nisa’ 4:43] 

The one who is unable to use water comes under the same ruling as one who cannot find any water, because Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): 

“So keep your duty to Allaah and fear Him as much as you can”

[al-Taghaabun 64:16] 

And the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “When I command you to do a thing, do as much of it as you can.” 

He also said: Several scenarios may apply with regard to a sick person purifying himself: 

1 – If his sickness is mild and there is no fear that using water may lead to death, severe sickness, delay of recovery or increase of pain, or if he is able to use warm water and that will not harm him, then it is not permissible for him to do tayammum, because it is permitted in order to ward off harm, but he is not likely to be harmed. And because he can find water, he is obliged to use it. 

2 – If he has a sickness where there is the fear of death or loss of a limb, or the fear of further sickness that may lead to death or the loss of a limb, then it is permissible for him to do tayammum, because Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): 

“And do not kill yourselves (nor kill one another). Surely, Allaah is Most Merciful to you”

[al-Nisa’ 4:29] 

3 – If he has a sickness which makes him unable to move and there is no one to bring him water, then it is permissible for him to do tayammum. 

4 –If he has wounds, sores, broken limbs or a sickness in which use of water will harm him, and he becomes junub, it is permissible for him to do tayammum, because of the evidence mentioned above. If he is able to wash the sound parts of his body then he must do that, and do tayammum for the rest. 

5 – If the sick person is in a place where there is no water and no dust, and there is no one who can bring him whichever of them if available, then he may pray as he is, and he should not delay the prayer, because Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):  

“So keep your duty to Allaah and fear Him as much as you can”

[al-Taghaabun 64:16] 

End quote from al-Fataawa al-Muta’alliqah bi’l-Tibb wa Ahkaam al-Marda, p. 26. 

Secondly: 

The way in which to do tayammum following menses is no different from the way of doing tayammum in the case of minor impurity. 

How tayammum is done has already been explained in the answer to question no. 21074

Thirdly: 

Tayammum, like wudoo’, removes impurity, according to the correct view, so it is permissible to offer more than one obligatory prayer with it, and you do not have to repeat it for every prayer. 

So if you do tayammum for Zuhr, for example, and you do not break your wudoo’, it is permissible for you to pray ‘Asr with it, and so on. 

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) was asked: If a person does tayammum for a naafil prayer, can he offer an obligatory prayer with that tayammum? He replied: Tayammum removes impurity, so he can offer the obligatory prayer even if he did tayammum for a naafil prayer, just as if he did wudoo’ for a naafil prayer, it is permissible for him to offer an obligatory prayer with the same wudoo’. He does not have to repeat tayammum if the time for the prayer ends, so long as nothing invalidated that tayammum. 

End quote from Fataawa al-Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (11/240). 

And Allaah knows best.

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