Praise be to Allah.
The fuqaha’ differed as to whether wudoo’ is invalidated by
the emission of wind from a woman’s front passage. There are two views:
That it does invalidate wudoo’.
This is the view of the Shaafa‘is and Hanbalis.
Imam an-Nawawi (may Allah have mercy on him) said:
Anything that comes out of the front or back passage of a man
or woman invalidates wudoo’, whether it is stools, urine, wind, worms, pus,
blood, stones or anything else. There is no differentiation in that regard
between what happens rarely and what happens regularly, and there is no
differentiation between wind coming out of the front passage of a man or
woman or from the back passage. This was stated by ash-Shaafa‘i (may Allah
have mercy on him) in al-Umm, and our companions are unanimously
agreed on that.
End quote from al-Majmoo‘, 2/3; see also Tuhfat
al-Muhtaaj by Ibn Hajar al-Haytami, 1/127
Ibn Qudaamah (may Allah have mercy on him) said:
Saalih narrated from his father concerning a woman from whose
vagina wind is emitted: Whatever comes out of either (the front or back)
passage, wudoo’ is required for it. al-Qaadi said: Emission of wind from the
penis or the woman’s vagina invalidates wudoo’.
End quote from al-Mughni, 1/125. See also al-Insaaf
by al-Mirdaawi, 1/195
That it does not invalidate
wudoo’. This is the view of the Hanafis and Maalikis.
It says in Radd al-Muhtaar ‘ala ad-Durr al-Mukhtaar,
1/136: Wudoo’ is not invalidated by emission of wind from the front passage
or penis, because it is a twitch or tremor, i.e., it is not really wind;
even if we say that it is wind, it does not come from a site of impurity,
therefore it does not invalidate wudoo’.
End quote. See Badaa’i‘ as-Sanaa’i‘ by al-Kasaani,
Al-‘Allaamah ad-Dardeer al-Maaliki (may Allah have mercy on
If something usual is emitted from somewhere other than the
two usual passages, such as if it is it emitted from the mouth, or if urine
is emitted from the back passage, or wind is emitted from the front passage
or even from the woman’s vagina, or from a hole, then it does not invalidate
End quote from ash-Sharh al-Kabeer ma‘a Haashiyat
Undoubtedly in order to be on the safe side and to ensure
that one has discharged one’s duty it is better to do wudoo’ in the event of
this wind, because there is such a strong difference of opinion concerning
it and because this is more on the safe side, as we have said. It is also
closer to the apparent meaning of the evidence, because the Prophet
(blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “There is no wudoo’ unless
there is a sound or a smell.” Narrated by at-Tirmidhi, 74; he said: a hasan
This hadeeth and similar hadeeths on this topic were quoted
as evidence by Imam Ibn al-Mubaarak and others to show that wudoo’ is
rendered invalid by emission of wind from the back passage.
Imam at-Tirmidhi (may Allah have mercy on him) said:
This is the view of the scholars, that he does not have to do
wudoo’ except if he breaks wind and hears a sound or notices a smell.
‘Abdullah ibn al-Mubaarak said: If he is uncertain as to whether he has
broken wind, he does not have to do wudoo’ unless he is so certain that he
would swear to it. And he said: If wind is emitted from a woman’s front
passage, she has to do wudoo’.
This is also the view of ash-Shaafa‘i and Ishaaq. End quote.
For more information, please see fatwas no.
The view that wudoo’ is required becomes stronger in the case
of uncertainty as to whether it came from the front passage or the back
passage. It is known that wind emitted from the back passage invalidates
wudoo’ according to scholarly consensus. If the source of the wind is
uncertain – is it from the back passage, which invalidates wudoo’ according
to scholarly consensus, or is it from the front passage, which invalidates
wudoo’ according to many of the scholars? – the view that it does invalidate
wudoo’ becomes very strong, especially since the basic principle concerning
wind is that it comes from the back passage. As for that which is emitted
from the front passage, it is rare and is not a regular occurrence; this is
the basis on which those who said that it does not invalidate wudoo’ based
If this wind is continual and happens in all situations, then
this woman comes under the heading of those who are excused, even if she is
certain that it comes from the back passage. So she should do wudoo’ for
each prayer after the time for it has begun, then offer the obligatory
prayer and whatever she wants of naafil (supererogatory) prayers, and she
does not have to repeat wudoo’ every time she passes wind.
Shaykh ash-Shanqeeti (may Allah preserve him) was asked:
The wind that comes out of a woman’s front passage happens a
great deal at different times; should she do wudoo’ for each prayer?
There is a well-known difference of opinion among the
scholars (may Allah have mercy on them) concerning this issue: does the
front passage come under the same ruling as the back passage with regard to
emission of wind? Some of the scholars (may Allah have mercy on them) said
that emission of wind from the front passage comes under the same ruling as
emission of wind from the back passage. This is by way of judging like by
like; it is a strong opinion and is undoubtedly more on the safe side.
But if it happens with a woman in a way that it is out of
control, or it causes her hardship and difficulty, in that case she comes
under the same ruling as the woman who is suffering from istihaadah
(irregular non-menstrual bleeding), such as when her bleeding is persistent.
She should do wudoo’ when the time for each prayer begins, and after that it
will not matter if she passes wind. The same also applies if she continually
passes wind from the back passage. It is more appropriate to be on the safe
side concerning her religious commitment and worship. And Allah knows best.
End quote from Sharh Zaad al-Mustaqni‘.
And Allah knows best.