Praise be to Allaah.
Adhkaar al-sabaah (supplications recited in the morning)
are not connected only to the time when the sun rises; in Arabic the word subh (morning)
applies to dawn and the first part of the day, as is stated in al-Qaamoos al-Muheet,
291 [a famous Arabic language dictionary Translator]. Allaah
says (interpretation of the meaning):
and celebrate the Praises of your Lord in the evening
and in the morning.[Ghaafir 40:55 Yusuf Alis translation]
Ibn Katheer said in his Tafseer (4/86) that this means in
the early part of the day and in the early part of the night. But the best time of the day
for making dhikr is after the dawn prayer, because Allaah says (interpretation of the
and glorify the praises of your Lord before the rising
of the sun, and before its setting
and the Prophet
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:
Whoever prays Fajr in congregation, then sits and remembers
Allaah (makes dhikr) until the sun rises, then prays two rakahs, will have a reward
like that for Hajj and Umrah, complete, complete, complete. (Saheeh
Based on the above, this is how we understand the reports narrated on
this topic, such as the ahaadeeth:
Whoever says, in the morning and the evening, Subhaan
Allaahi wa bi hamdih (Glory and praise be to Allaah) one hundred times, will not
come with anything better than it on the Day of Resurrection, except for one who does
likewise or does more. (Reported by Muslim, 2692).
Allaahumma bika asbahnaa wa bika amsaynaa wa
bika nahyaa wa bika namoot wa ilayka al-nushoor (O Allaah, by Your blessings we reach
the morning, by Your blessings we reach the evening, by Your blessings we live, by Your
blessings we die, and unto You is the Resurrection). (Reported by Abu Dawood
in al-Sunan, no. (5068); al-Nisaa'i in al-Sunan al-Kubra (9836). Al-Albaani
said it is a saheeh hadeeth).
Therefore you can say Adhkaar al-Sabaah when you wake up from sleeping,
because it is still the time of subh (morning). And Allaah is the Source of strength.
Muslim reported in his Saheeh (no. 747) that the Prophet
and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: Whoever sleeps without doing his regular
dhikr or part of it, then recites it during the time between Fajr prayer and Zuhr prayer,
it will be recorded as if he had recited it at night.
In Sharh Muslim (6/27), al-Nawawi said:
This indicates that it is mustahabb (liked, preferred), to recite
awraad (dhikr, supplications) regularly, and that if one misses it, one can make it up
In Awn al-Mabood (4/198) it says:
This hadeeth indicates that it is permissible to recite wird
regularly at night, and that it is permissible to make it up if one misses it because of
sleeping or any other reason. It also indicates that the one who does this between Fajr
prayer and Zuhr prayer is like the one who does it at night, so it is mustahabb to make up
tahajjud if one misses it at night. And Allaah knows best.