Praise be to Allaah.
The last words of the Prophet (peace and blessings of
Allaah be upon him) – before he bade farewell to this world – were: “O
Allaah, (with) the higher companions”. This is the title that al-Bukhaari
gave to a chapter in Kitaab al-Maghaazi in his Saheeh: “The
last words of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)”,
where he quoted the hadeeth of ‘Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her)
who said: When the Prophet was healthy, he used to say, “No soul of a
Prophet is taken until he has been shown his place in
Paradise and then he is given the choice.” When death
approached him while his head was on my thigh, he became unconscious and
then recovered consciousness. He then looked at the
ceiling of the house and said, “O Allaah! (with) the
highest companions." I said (to myself), “He is not
going to choose (to stay with) us.” Then I understood what he meant when he
said that to us when he was healthy. The last words
he spoke were, "O Allaah! (with) the highest companions.”
Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 4463; Muslim, 2444.
There is a report narrated by Ahmad (1691) from the hadeeth
of Abu ‘Ubaydah, who said that the last words that the Prophet (peace
and blessings of Allaah be upon him) spoke were, “Expel the Jews of the
Hijaaz and Najraan from the Arabian Peninsula, and know that the most evil
of people are those who took the graves of their Prophets as places of
worship.” This was classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in al-Saheehah,
no. 1132. And Abu Dawood (5156)and Ibn Maajah (2698) narrated that ‘Ali (may
Allaah be pleased with him) said: The last words that the Messenger of
Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) spoke were, “The
prayer, the prayer! And fear Allaah with regard to those whom your right
hands possess.” This was classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Abi
Dawood. And there are other similar ahaadeeth. What is meant by these
reports is that these are some of the last things that the Prophet
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, or they were the last
pieces of advice that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be
upon him) gave to his family and companions, and those who would be in
authority after he was gone. These ahaadeeth are among the last things he
said, but the hadeeth of ‘Aa’ishah is the last of all.
See Fayd al-Qadeer by al-Manaawi, 5/250 – 251.
Note: al-Suhayli said:
the reason why these – “O Allaah, (with) the higher companions” – were the
last words of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)
is because they refer both to Tawheed and to dhikr in the heart. It offers
comfort to those who are unable to speak (when dying), because some people
may not be able to speak out loud for some reason, but that does not matter
if their hearts are steadfast in remembering Allaah.
Quoted by al-Haafiz in al-Fath, 8/138.