Praise be to Allah.
The honourable angels accompany the
children of Adam from the day they are formed in their mothers’ wombs until
the day when their souls are brought forth from their bodies at the time of
death. They also accompany them in their graves and in the Hereafter.
- Their accompanying them in this world
is as follows:
1 – They take care of him when he is
It was reported from Anas (may Allah be
pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon
him) said: “Allah appoints an angel in the womb, who says, ‘O Lord, a nutfah
(mixed drop of male and female sexual discharges)? O Lord, an ‘alaqah (a
clot)? O Lord, a mudghah (lump of chewed flesh)?’ When Allah decrees that it
is to be created, (the angel) says, ‘O Lord, male or female? Doomed or
blessed? What is his provision? What is his lifespan?’ And that is written
in his mother’s womb.” [al-Bukhaari, Muslim].
2 – They guard the son of Adam
Allah says (interpretation of the
“It is the same (to Him) whether any of
you conceals his speech or declares it openly, whether he be hid by night or
goes forth freely by day.
For him (each person), there are angels in
succession, before and behind him. They guard him by the ommand of Allah.”
The commentator on the Quran who had the
best understanding of it, Ibn ‘Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him)
explained that the mu’aqqibat [translated here as “angels in succession”]
refers to the angels whom Allah has appointed to guard man from in front and
from behind. When the decree of Allah comes – when He decrees that some
accident or calamity etc. should befall him – the angels withdraw from him.
Mujahid said: There is no person who does
not have an angel appointed to protect him when he is asleep and when he is
awake, from the jinn, men and wild beasts. There is nothing that comes to
him but the angels tell it to clear off, except for that which Allah grants
permission for it to befall him.
A man said to ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib (may
Allah be pleased with him): “A group from (the tribe of) Murad wanted to
kill you.” ‘Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) said, “With every man there
are two angels who protect him from everything that is not decreed; when the
decree comes, they withdraw and do not stand between him and it. A man's
decreed lifespan is his protection.”
The “angels in succession” mentioned in
the ayah (verse) from Soorat al-R’ad are what is referred to in another ayah
(interpretation of the meaning):
“He is the Irresistible (Supreme), over
His slaves, and He sends guardians (angels guarding and writing all of one’s
good and bad deeds) over you, until when death approaches one of you, Our
messengers (angel of death and his assistants) take his soul, and they never
neglect their duty.” [6:61]
The guardians whom Allah sends protect a
person until the appointed time (of death) that has been decreed for him
3 – The angels who write down hasanat
(good deeds) and sayyiat (bad deeds)
Every single person has two angels who
write down his deeds, both good and bad, minor and major. Allah says
(interpretation of the meaning):
“But verily, over you (are appointed
angels in charge of mankind) to watch you,
Kiraman (Honourable) Katibeen —writing
down (your deeds),
They know all that you
“And indeed We have created man, and
We know what his own self whispers to him. And We are nearer to him than his
jugular vein (by Our Knowledge).
(Remember) that the two
receivers (recording angels) receive (each human being), one sitting on the
right and one on the left (to note his or her actions).
Not a word does he (or she) utter but
there is a watcher by him ready (to record it).” [50:16-18]
The angel on the right records hasanat
(good deeds) and the angel on the left records sayyiat (bad deeds).
It was reported from Abu Umamah that the
Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “The
angel on the left does not write down anything until six hours have passed
after a Muslim does a bad deed. If he regrets it and asks Allah for
forgiveness, he casts it aside [does not write it down], otherwise he writes
down one (sayyiah/bad deed).”
Once we know this, the number of angels
who accompany the son of Adam after he is born will become clear: four
Ibn Kathir (may Allah have mercy on him)
“The ayah (interpretation of the meaning):
‘For him (each person), there are angels in succession, before and behind
him. They guard him by the command of Allah’ [13:10-11] means: each person
has angels who take turns in guarding him by night and day, who protect him
from evil and from accidents, just as other angels take turns in recording
his deeds, good and bad, by night and by day.
Two angels, on the right and the left,
record his deeds. The one on the right writes down his hasanat (good deeds)
and the one on his left writes down his sayyiat (evil deeds).
Two other angels guard him and protect
him, one from behind and one from in front.
So there are four angels by day and four
others by night.” [Tafsir Ibn Kathir]
And Allah knows best.
For more information see Question #