45684: The farewell tawaaf is obligatory for the people of Jeddah


We are from Jeddah and after Hajj, some of those who were with us said that the people of Jeddah do not have to do the farewell tawaaf. What should we do?

Praise be to Allaah.

Firstly: 

The farewell tawaaf is obligatory for the one who wants to leave Makkah after completing the rituals of Hajj, because al-Bukhaari (1755) and Muslim (1328) narrated that Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: The people were commanded that the last thing they should do should be to circumambulate the House, but this was waived in the case of menstruating women. 

Al-Haafiz said in al-Fath

This indicates that the farewell tawaaf is obligatory, because the command is confirmed and because it is waived in the case of menstruating women; and a thing can only be waived if it is first confirmed.  End quote. Al-Nawawi said something similar in Sharh Muslim

The scholars differed concerning those for whom the farewell tawaaf is obligatory. Some of them said that it is obligatory for the one who is going to travel and pass the meeqaat, but for those who live within the meeqaat, the farewell tawaaf is not obligatory. 

See Radd al-Muhtaar, 3/545 

Others were of the view that it is obligatory for anyone who is going to travel the distance at which is becomes permissible to shorten the prayers (approximately 80 kilometers), but for those who are travelling a shorter distance, it is not obligatory. Al-Shaafa’i and Ahmad were of the view that it is obligatory for everyone who is going to travel from Makkah and exit the city. 

Al-Nawawi said in al-Majmoo’ (8/236): 

We narrated from al-Baghawi that the farewell tawaaf is required of everyone who wants to leave Makkah and travel the distance at which is becomes permissible to shorten the prayers. He said: if a person wants to travel for less than that distance, he does not have to do the farewell tawaaf. But the correct and well known view is that it is required of the one who wants to travel the distance at which is becomes permissible to shorten the prayers or less, whether that is a short or long distance, because of the general meaning of the hadeeth. End quote. 

Ibn Qudaamah said in al-Mughni (5/337): 

If a person’s home is in the Haram, then he is like a Makkan and does not have to do the farewell tawaaf. If a person’s home is outside the Haram, but close to it, then the apparent meaning of al-Khuraqi’s words is that he should not depart until he has bid farewell to the House. This is the view of Abu Thawr and is similar to what Maalik said, and is based on the general meaning of the words of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him): “No one should leave until the last thing he has done is to circumambulate the House.” And because he is leaving Makkah, he must bid farewell, like one who lives far away. End quote. 

The view that the people of Jeddah do not have to do the farewell tawaaf was stated by some scholars, but the correct view is that it is obligatory for them. Based on that, those who did not do it have to offer a sacrifice (a sheep or one-seventh of a cow) to be slaughtered in Makkah and its meat distributed among the poor of the Haram. The same applies to everyone who omitted one of the obligatory parts of the Hajj rituals. 

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen said: 

Whoever lives in Jeddah must not leave Makkah until he has bid farewell. End quote. 

Majmoo’ Fataawa Ibn ‘Uthaymeen, 23/353 

Shaykh Ibn Baaz (may Allaah have mercy on him) was asked about some people from Jeddah who did not do the farewell tawaaf and went back to Jeddah. 

He replied: 

Their Hajj is valid, but they have done wrong by omitting to bid farewell, because the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) commanded the pilgrim to bid farewell, and said:  “No one should leave until the last thing he has done is to circumambulate the House.”  This command, which is addressed to the pilgrims, includes the people of Jeddah and others. So all the people from other cities – whether they come from Jeddah or al-Taa’if or anywhere else – should bid farewell to the House. Some scholars granted a dispensation to those whose homes are closer than the distance at which is becomes permissible to shorten the prayers, such as the people of Bahrah etc, and said that they do not have to bid farewell, but in order to be on the safe side, everyone who comes from outside the sanctuary should bid farewell when his Hajj is over. The people of Jeddah live far away, as do the people of al-Taa’if, so they should bid farewell before they leave, because the hadeeth applies to them too. They should offer a sacrifice to be slaughtered in Makkah for each of them who did not do the farewell tawaaf, the meat of which should be distributed to the poor, a sheep or one-seventh of a camel or one-seventh of a cow. End quote. 

Majmoo’ Fataawa Ibn Baaz, 17/394 

It says in Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah, 11/303: 

If you do Hajj then you should not travel to Jeddah after your Hajj until you have done the farewell tawaaf; if you travel before bidding farewell, then you have to offer a sacrifice to be slaughtered in Makkah, from which you should not eat, rather it should be distributed to the poor, because the farewell tawaaf is obligatory after Hajj, because of the general meaning of the hadeeth of Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with him), who commanded the people that the last thing they should do should be to circumambulate the House, but this was waived in the case of menstruating women. Saheeh – agreed upon. And you also have to repent to Allaah for going out to Jeddah before doing the farewell tawaaf. End quote. 

And Allaah knows best.

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