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125698: Ruling on subscribing to the workers’ retirement fund

The wages of 8.67 days x 3% are deducted from my basic salary each month for the workers’ retirement fund. When I attended the Annual General Meeting to discuss the budget of this fund, I found out that the money collected is distributed among a number of banks and the fund benefits from depositing money in banks at an interest rate of 12.5%. We do not benefit from this money at all throughout our years of service except at the end of our service, when we can get 127 months of our last basic salary. Is the money that we get at the end of our service halaal or haraam? Please note that if we withdraw from the fund, that monthly amount is still deducted. What is the solution?.

Published Date: 2010-07-19
Praise be to Allaah.

There is nothing wrong with the worker subscribing to a retirement scheme or state insurance fund, if doing so is compulsory as is the case in some countries, because the worker is excused for that and the money is taken from him without his choice. Hence many scholars regard it as permissible to make use of what comes from this scheme, and they regarded the extra amount from the state as coming under the heading of the state’s duty to take care of the weak and look after them. 

But in the case of voluntary subscription, it is not permissible to subscribe to this fund, because it is based on gambling and uncertainty. The individual may take more than he paid or he may take less than that, and this is gambling. Moreover, the money is deposited in riba-based banks, as you stated, and it is well known that it is not permissible to deposit money in riba-based banks with the aim of getting the interest, because that is consuming riba and helping those who deal in riba. 

And Allah knows best.

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