When a person goes astray and deviates, does that happen by the will of Allaah or does Allaah not decree that?
Shaykh al-Shanqeeti (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:
Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“He whom Allaah guides, he is the rightly-guided; but he whom He sends astray, for him you will find no Wali (guiding friend) to lead him (to the Right Path)”[al-Kahf 18:17]
In this aayah, Allaah explains that guidance and misguidance are in His hand alone; whomsoever He guides none can lead astray, and whomsoever He sends astray, none can guide. This meaning is also expressed in many other aayahs, such as the following (interpretation of the meaning):
“He whom Allaah guides, he is the rightly-guided; but he whom He sends astray, for him you will find no Wali (guiding friend) to lead him (to the Right Path).”[al-Israa’ 17:97]
“Whomsoever Allaah guides, he is the guided one, and whomsoever He sends astray, — then those! they are the losers”[al-A’raaf 7:178]
“Verily, you (O Muhammad) guide not whom you like, but Allaah guides whom He wills”[al-Qasas 28:56]
“And whomsoever Allaah wants to put in Al-Fitnah (error, because of his rejecting of Faith), you can do nothing for him against Allaah”
“If you (O Muhammad) covet for their guidance, then verily, Allaah guides not those whom He makes to go astray (or none can guide him whom Allaah sends astray). And they will have no helpers”
“And whomsoever Allaah wills to guide, He opens his breast to Islam; and whomsoever He wills to send astray, He makes his breast closed and constricted, as if he is climbing up to the sky”
And there are very many similar aayahs.
From these and similar aayahs in the Qur’aan it may be understood that the view of the Qadariyyah, who say that man is independent in his actions, whether good or bad, and that does not happen by the will of Allaah but rather by the will of the person, is false. Glorified and exalted be Allaah far above anything happening in His dominion that does not happen by His will.