We hastened to leave Hajj early and departed from Mina before sunset, so that we would not have to stay until the third day. After leaving Mina we came back and stoned the jamaraat after sunset. Is what we did permissible? Is it essential for the one who wants to leave early to stone the jamaraat before sunset on the second day, or does the stoning have nothing to do with it, and is leaving before sunset what matters? What should we do, if we have made a mistake?.
This understanding of the word ta’ajjul (hastening) is not correct, especially since for a pilgrim to “hasten” means that he leaves Mina before sunset on the second of the days of al-tashreeq, after having stoned the jamaraat. Simply leaving Mina before sunset does not count as “hastening” if he has not stoned the jamaraat, especially if he comes back after sunset to stone them.
The scholars of the Standing Committee said:
If the pilgrim stones the Jamaraat on the twelfth day after the sun has passed its zenith, then departs to Makkah or elsewhere before the sun sets, he does not have to stone the Jamaraat on the thirteenth, and it is not prescribed for him to do so.
Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah li’l-Buhooth al-‘Ilmiyyah wa’l-Ifta’, 11/274.
Commenting on the verse (interpretation of the meaning), “And remember Allaah during the appointed Days. But whosoever hastens to leave in two days, there is no sin on him and whosoever stays on, there is no sin on him, if his aim is to do good and obey Allaah (fear Him)” [al-Baqarah 2:203], the scholars of the Standing Committee said:
With regard to the meaning of what is mentioned in the verse: whoever hastens to depart from Mina after spending two nights there following the Day of Sacrifice, and after stoning the three jamaraat on the eleventh and twelfth, there is no sin on him and he does not have to offer a (compensatory) sacrifice, because he has done what is required of him. Whoever tarries in Mina and spends the night of the thirteenth there and stones the three jamaraat on the thirteenth, there is no sin on him either, rather his staying in Mina on this night and stoning the jamaraat on this day is better and brings a greater reward, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) did that.
Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah li’l-Buhooth al-‘Ilmiyyah wa’l-Ifta’, 11/267.
Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzaan said:
The minimum length of stay in Mina during the days of Hajj is the eleventh and twelfth – the two days after Eid – and this is what is meant by hastening to leave. But it is better to stay on the thirteenth too, which is what is meant by staying on. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“But whosoever hastens to leave in two days, there is no sin on him and whosoever stays on, there is no sin on him, if his aim is to do good and obey Allaah (fear Him)”
Hastening to leave means going away from Mina after stoning the Jamaraat on the twelfth day after the sun has passed its zenith and before the sun sets. If sunset comes and a person has not left Mina yet, he is obliged to stay there on the night of the thirteenth and stone the jamaraat after Zuhr on the thirteenth. And Allaah knows best.
Fatwa no. 16386
Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen was asked:
A pilgrim did not stone the jamaraat on the twelfth because he thought that this was part of hastening to leave Mina, and he did not stay overnight in Mina or perform tawaaf al-wadaa’ out of ignorance.
Your Hajj is valid, because you did not omit any pillar or essential part of the Hajj, but you omitted three obligatory duties. The first was staying overnight in Mina on the night of the thirteenth. The second was stoning the jamaraat on the twelfth. The third was performing tawaaf al-wadaa’ (the farewell tawaaf). According to the scholars, if a person omits this tawaaf during Hajj, he has to offer a compensatory sacrifice, to be slaughtered in Makkah and its meat distributed to the poor. But not staying overnight in Mina for one night does not require a compensatory sacrifice.
I would like to take this opportunity to draw the attention of my pilgrim brothers to this mistake made by our brother who asked the question, because many pilgrims take the words of Allaah “But whosoever hastens to leave in two days” to mean leaving Mina on the eleventh, so they count the two days as the day of Eid and the eleventh, but that is not how it is, rather this is a misunderstanding, because Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“And remember Allaah during the appointed Days. But whosoever hastens to leave in two days, there is no sin on him”
The appointed days (al-ayyaam al-ma’doodaat) are the ayyaam al-tashreeq, the first of which is the eleventh. Based on this, the words of Allaah “But whosoever hastens to leave in two days” mean two of the days of al-tashreeq, i.e., on the twelfth. We have to make sure that we understand such matters correctly so that we will not make mistakes.
Fataawa al-Hajj, question no. 40.
And Allaah knows best.