Praise be to Allaah.
forgetfulness is something that is natural in man, and man is only called insaan
because of his forgetfulness (nasiy).
Usually this varies from one person to another, according to the
differences in the strength of the memory that Allaah has created in His
The Qur’aan “escapes” from the heart if the
Muslim does not constantly and regularly review what he has memorized of
The reason for this may be that it is a test of
people’s hearts, to show the difference between the one whose heart is
attached to the Qur’aan and regularly recites it, and the one whose
heart is attached to it only whilst memorizing it, then he loses interest
and forgets it.
The reason may also be to give the Muslim a
stronger motive to recite the Qur’aan more frequently so as to attain
the immense reward for every letter that he recites. If it were the case
that he could learn it and never forget it, he would not need to read it
frequently and then he would miss out on the reward for reciting and
reviewing it regularly. Fear of forgetting it will make you keen to recite
it so as to gain more reward with your Lord. For every letter you recite
you will have one hasanah,
and the reward for one hasanah
is ten like it.
The Messenger SAWS (peace and blessings of Allaah
be upon him) urged us to read Qur’aan regularly lest we forget it. He
warned us against being negligent in this regard, as was stated in
numerous ahaadeeth, including the following:
1-The hadeeth narrated by al-Bukhaari from Ibn ‘Umar (may
Allaah be pleased with him), that the Messenger of Allaah SAWS (peace and
blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The likeness of the one who
memorizes the Qur’aan is that of the owner of a hobbled camel. If he
tends to it regularly, he will keep it, but if he lets it go, he will lose
it.” (al-Bukhaari, 5031).
It is well known that if a camel escapes and runs
away, it cannot be recaptured except with a lot of stress and difficulty.
Similarly, if the person who memorizes Qur’aan does not regularly review
what he has memorized, he will lose it and will require a great deal of
effort to get it back.
* Al-Haafiz Ibn Hajar said in al-Fath
(9/79), in his commentary on this hadeeth: so long as one constantly
reviews it, what one has memorized will remain, as is the case with a
camel, if it remains hobbled, you will keep it. The camel was singled out
here because it is the most likely of domesticated animals to run away,
and if it does run away, recapturing it is very difficult.
2 – Muslim narrated in his Saheeh
(no. 790 and 791) from Abu
Moosa (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Prophet SAWS (peace and
blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Read this Qur’aan regularly
for, by the One in Whose hand is the soul of Muhammad, it is more likely
to escape than a hobbled camel.”
3 – Al-Bukhaari (may Allaah have mercy on him)
narrated that ‘Abd-Allaah said: the Prophet SAWS (peace and blessings of
Allaah be upon him) said: “It is not right for any one of you to say,
‘I have forgotten such and such.’ On the contrary, he has been made to
forget. Try to review the Qur’aan, for it is more likely to escape from
men’s hearts than camels.” (Saheeh
Al-Haafiz said in al-Fath
(9/81): Ibn Battaal said, This hadeeth is in accordance with the two
aayahs (interpretation of the meanings):
We shall send down to you a weighty Word’ [al-Muzzammil 73:5]
We have indeed made the Qur’ân easy to understand and remember’
whoever strives to memorize it and recite it regularly, it will be made
easy for him, and whoever turns away from it, will lose it.
what encourages us to constantly review what we have memorized and to keep
on reciting it, lest we forget it. The Prophet SAWS (peace and blessings
of Alalah be upon him) gave this example because it is the best way to
explain what he meant. He also confirmed it with his oath ‘by the One in
Whose hand is the soul of Muhammad’, to affirm the importance of
constantly reciting the Qur’aan and reviewing what one has learned.
With regard to the report that Anas ibn Maalik (may Allaah be pleased with
him) said: the Messenger of Allaah SAWS (peace and blessings of Alalah be
upon him) said: “The sins of my ummah
were shown to me and there is no sin greater than that of a man who was
given orwas helped to
memorize a soorah or an aayah of the Qur’aan and then he forgot it.”
This is a weak (da’eef)
hadeeth which was classed as such by al-Bukhaari and al-Tirmidhi. See Takhreej
Mishkaat al-Masaabeeh by al-Albaani, no. 720.
al-Munaadi (may Allaah have mercy on him) said in Mutashaabih
al-Qur’aan (p. 52):
were always afraid of forgetting Qur’aan after they had memorized it,
because this was a shortcoming.
said in al-Itqaan (1/106):
it is a major sin, as was stated by al-Nawawi in al-Rawdah
and others, because of the hadeeth “I was shown the sins of my ummah…”
the best ways to help oneself to remember what one has memorized and to
make it firmly-entrenched is to recite it in one’s salaah, especially in
Qiyaam al-Layl. The Salaf
used to recite it during the day and when praying Qiyaam
strive heard to review the Qur’aan regularly, there will be no sin on
you even if you do forget some of it. The blame is on those who neglect it
and fail to review it and read it regularly. We ask Allaah to forgive us.
make the Qur’aan the life of my heart, the light of my breast, a
departure for my sorrow and a release for my anxiety. O Allaah, teach us
from it that which we do not know and remind us from it of that which we
have forgotten, for You are the All-Hearing, All-Knowing.