Praise be to Allah.
A non-muslim who does not believe in God,
will he get more punishment then the Shaytan ( Iblis ) himself ? Iblis believes in
Allah... Is there a verse in Quran that says that Iblis will go to hell ? Why did Iblis
disobey Allah when he knew that Allah is AllPowerfull ? If Allah wanted him to disobey,
then will he still have to be in hell for ever ? Please tell me about this issue...Will
Iblis go to hell for ever ?
Praise be to Allaah.
The matter of punishments is for Allaah to
decide, and we know nothing about it except that which He has told us. The Kuffaar and
Mushrikeen are major sinners who will abide in Hell forever, they and Iblees, may Allaah
curse him. We will now look at some verses of the Qur'aan which are evidence of that, and
we will discuss why Iblees disbelieved and what will be his fate and the fate of those who
Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
"(Remember) when your Lord said to the angels: 'Truly, I am going to create man
from clay. So when I have fashioned him and breathed into him (his) soul created by Me,
then you fall down prostrate to him.' So the angels prostrated themselves, all of them,
Except Iblees (Satan), he was proud and was one of the disbelievers. (Allaah) said: 'O
Iblees (Satan)! What prevents you from prostrating yourself to one whom I have created
with Both My Hands. Are you too proud (to fall prostrate to Adam) or are you one of the
high exalted?' [Iblees (Satan)] said: 'I am better than he. You created me from fire, and
You created him from clay.' (Allaah) said: "Then get out from here; for verily, you
are outcast. And verily, My Curse is on you till the Day of Recompense.' [Iblees (Satan)]
said: "'y Lord! Give me then respite till the Day the (dead) are resurrected.'
(Allaah) said: 'Verily, you are of those allowed respite Till the Day of the time
appointed.' [Iblees (Satan)] said: 'By Your Might, then I will surely, mislead them all,
Except Your chosen slaves amongst them (i.e. faithful, obedient, true believers of Islamic
Monotheism).' (Allaah) said: 'The truth is - and the truth I say * That I will fill
Hell with you [Iblees (Satan)] and those of them (mankind) that follow you, together.'"
Iblees disobeyed his Lord and refused, stubbornly and arrogantly, to prostrate to Adam.
This indicates the serious nature of self-admiration and pride. We ask Allaah to keep us
safe and sound from that.
The fact the Iblees believed in the existence of Allaah, acknowledged His Might and swore
an oath by that did not benefit him at all, because his belief was cancelled out by his
stubbornness, pride and arrogant behaviour before Allaah when he refused to obey His
Allaah created Iblees for reasons which are known to Him, may He be glorified and exalted,
and to be a test and a trial for mankind. Whoever obeys Allaah and disobeys Iblees will
enter Paradise, and whoever disobeys Allaah and obeys Iblees will enter Hell. The fact
that Allaah created Iblees does not imply that He approves of what Iblees does - we seek
refuge with Allaah - but this was the decree of the Lord of the Worlds. Allaah does not
approve of kufr or sin. He says (interpretation of the meaning):
"If you disbelieve, then verily, Allaah is not in need of you, He likes not
disbelief for His slaves. And if you are grateful (by being believers), He is pleased
therewith for you. No bearer of burdens shall bear the burden of another"
The point of this aayah is: "He likes not disbelief for His slaves". Allaah's
will is of two types: His shar'i (legislative) will, which refers to what He wills and
loves, including that which He has prescribed for His slaves; and His kawni (universal)
will, which refers to what He wills to happen - for reasons that are known to Him - but
this does not necessarily mean that He likes what happens.
Praise be to Allaah Who has guided us, and may He send peace and blessings upon our master
Muhammad and his family and companions.