Sunday 15 Muḥarram 1446 - 21 July 2024

Are the resurrection, Paradise and Hell something real or merely symbolic?


Do you think that the belief of judgement day and paradise and hell should be taken literally or symbolically?


Praise be to Allah.

One of the pillars of faith in Islam is belief in the resurrection after death. Paradise and Hell are real and it is obligatory to believe in them. Whoever believes in Allah and does righteous deeds, his final abode will be in Paradise in the real sense, and whoever disbelieves in Allah will be one of the people of Hell in the real sense, and both of them will abide therein forever. 

Shaykh ‘Abd al-Kareem al-Khudayr 

The enemies of the Prophets – the mushrikeen (polytheists, those who join others in worship with Allah) and the philosophers and others – denied that the resurrection after death, the Reckoning and Paradise and Hell are real, and they described these things as mere symbols, which they interpreted in a manner different from that in which the believers understand them; this is disbelief in the words of Allah and His Prophets and Messengers. For Paradise and Hell, the Siraat (a bridge over Hell in the Hereafter), the Balance, the Cistern, the Throne, the Footstool and other things are all real, and we believe in them in the real sense; we do not play about with the words, rather we believe in them implicitly as narrated in the reports.

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Source: Sheikh Muhammed Salih Al-Munajjid