my question is concerning the permissibility of wearing a thawb in public every day in a Western country (Canada). Does wearing a thawb in such circumstances come under the heading of libaas ush-shuhrah? The thawb is something that is foreign to the non-muslims here, but I myself personally love the thawb more than the western clothes like pants and jeans and the likes. Not only that, but I also like the fact that it covers the 'awrah more properly than these western clothes. So would there be any sin of arrogance on me if I were to wear a thawb every day to school in a country where it's considered to strange or foreign to wear such clothes? Is this the same thing as wearing garments of fame and vanity?
I've read the other fatwas concerning this matter but I couldn't find anything related to the permissibility of wearing a thawb in situations like this.
What is prescribed is for the Muslim to wear the customary clothing of the people of the country in which he is living, so that he will not stand out among them in ways that may harm him or attract backbiting about him, so long as that clothing does not include anything that is contrary to sharee‘ah.
So long as the Arabic thawb is regarded as foreign or strange in a country and is not acceptable, it is better for you to wear what is customary for the people in your country, whilst making sure that the pants are loose and do not show the shape of the ‘awrah.
Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (may Allah have mercy on him) said:
If a Muslim is in a non-Muslim land that is hostile towards the Muslims, or a non-Muslim land that is not hostile, he is not enjoined to differ from them in his outward appearance, because of the harmful consequences that may result from that.
Rather it may be mustahabb or obligatory for a man to be similar to them in his outward appearance sometimes, if there is a religious interest to be served by that, such as calling them to Islam and other good aims.
But in Muslim lands where Allah has caused His religion to prevail and has caused the disbelievers to come under Muslim rule and pay the jizyah, it is prescribed to be different from (the disbelievers in appearance).
End quote from Iqtida’ al-Siraat al-Mustaqeem, 1/471-472.
And Allah knows best.