Saturday 17 Thu al-Qa‘dah 1445 - 25 May 2024
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There is nothing wrong with paying the zakah on trade goods in goods themselves

Question

I have a store selling foodstuffs with stock that is worth approximately fifty thousand dinars, and I have a debt of twenty thousand dinars. The zakah on the store is due now. How can I pay it when I have only a little money in the store?.

Answer

Praise be to Allah.

Firstly: 

The scholars differed concerning one who has the minimum amount of wealth at which zakah becomes due (the nisaab) and owes a debt – does he have to pay zakah on the amount of the debt or not? 

The most correct of the scholarly views is that the debt does not rule out the obligation to pay zakah. Based on this, you should estimate the value of the goods that you have in the store at the end of one year, then pay zakah on the whole amount without subtracting the amount of the debt that you owe. 

Please see question no. (22426

Secondly: 

With regard to paying zakah when you do not have any cash, the most correct scholarly view concerning the zakah on trade goods is that it may be given in the form of goods. 

Based on this, if you do not have cash, then you should pay zakah in the form of products that you have in the store, and that will be sufficient, in sha Allah. It is not permissible for you to delay zakah after it becomes due. See also question no. 13981

Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (may Allah have mercy on him) said: 

It is permissible to pay the zakah on trade goods in the form of goods. 

Al-Ikhtiyaaraat, p. 101 

Shaykh Ibn Baz (may Allah have mercy on him) was asked: Is it permissible to pay zakah in the form of fabric? 

He replied: 

That is permissible according to the more sound of the two scholarly opinions. You should pay zakah on high-quality goods in the form of high-quality goods, and for low-quality goods in the form of low-quality goods, because zakah is a kind of aid given from the rich to the poor. So it is permissible to help them by giving them fabric, just as the zakah on grains, dates and zakatable animals may be given in the form of those things themselves. 

Fatawa al-Shaykh Ibn Baz, 14/253.

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Source: Islam Q&A