Praise be to Allah.
According to Islamic teaching, there is nothing wrong with having celebrations on the occasions of marriage or other worldly occasions, on condition that they are free of reprehensible matters such as free mixing and music. These celebrations do not come under the heading of acts of worship that are intended to bring one closer to Allah, may He be exalted; rather they are gatherings to express joy and happiness, and the basic principle with regard to customs and traditions is that they are permissible. This is in contrast to acts of worship, concerning which the basic principle is that they are not allowed unless there is evidence to show that they are prescribed.
Among the celebrations that are prohibited according to Islamic teaching – apart from those which involve reprehensible practices and sins – are those in which there is any imitation of the disbelievers, such as birthday celebrations and Mother’s Day. The prohibition is more emphatic if they take a form which resembles the festivals prescribed in Islam. This is the case with regard to those occasions, as they are called “ ‘eid al-milaad (lit. “festival of birth” i.e., birthday) and “ ‘eid al-umm” (lit. festival of mothers, i.e., Mother’s Day). These are occasions which involve imitation of the disbelievers and those whom we are forbidden to imitate. The prohibition is more emphatic if the aim of the one who celebrates it is to draw closer to Allah, may He be exalted, thereby, because this is combining sin and innovation (bid‘ah). The scholars of the Standing Committee were asked:
What is the ruling on celebrating children’s birthdays? There is a saying among us that it is better to fast on that day instead of celebrating it. What is the correct view?
Celebrating birthdays or fasting because it is one’s birthday is all innovation (bid‘ah) for which there is no basis. Rather the Muslim should seek to draw closer to Allah by doing that which He has enjoined upon him and by doing supererogatory acts of worship. In all cases he should be grateful to Him and praise Him for all the days and years during which he has been sound in body and he, his property and his children have been safe. End quote.
Shaykh ‘Abd al-‘Azeez ibn Baaz, Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzaan, Shaykh Bakr Abu Zayd
Fataawa al-Lajnah ad-Daa’imah (2/260, 261)
See also the fatwas of Shaykh ‘Abd al-‘Azeez ibn Baaz and Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allah have mercy on them both) on the ruling on celebrating birthdays, in the answers to questions no. 1027 and 26804
See also the fatwa of Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allah have mercy on him) on what is called Mother’s Day in the answer to question no. 59905.
On our website we have a detailed discussion on what is called Mother’s Day, in which there is an overview of its history and the fatwas of the scholars concerning it. Please see this link:
See also a general discussion on innovated festivals in the answer to question no. 10070.
And Allah knows best.