Saturday 9 Thu al-Hijjah 1445 - 15 June 2024
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Ruling on breaking one’s fast in Ramadan because of exams

Question

If the exams for high school graduation are held in Ramadan, is it permissible for a student to break his fast in Ramadan so that he will be able to concentrate in the exam?

Answer

Praise be to Allah.

It is not permissible for one who is accountable to break his fast in Ramadan because of exams, because that is not one of the excuses that are allowed in sharee’ah. Rather he has to fast, and do his studying and revision at night if it is too hard for him to do that during the day. 

Those who are in charge of exams should be kind to the students and not make the exams in Ramadan, thus serving two interests, the interests of the fast and to help the students prepare for the exams. It was narrated in a saheeh report from the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him): “O Allah, whoever is put in charge of any of the affairs of my ummah and is kind to them, show kindness towards him, and whoever is put in charge of any of the affairs of my ummah and is harsh towards them, show harshness towards him.” (Narrated by Muslim in his Saheeh). So my advice to those who are in charge of exams is to be kind to the students and not to have exams in Ramadaan, but to have them before or after. We ask Allah to give us all strength. 

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Source: Fatawa al-Shaykh Ibn Baz, vol. 4, p. 223