Sunday 14 Ramadan 1440 - 19 May 2019
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Saheeh du‘aa’s for sleeping

Question

What are the saheeh du‘aa’s for sleeping that were soundly narrated from the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him)? I would like to know them in full.

Answer

Praise be to Allah.

There are so many sound du‘aa’s for sleeping that were narrated in the Prophet’s Sunnah that Imam an-Nawawi (may Allah have mercy on him) said:

You should understand that the hadiths and reports concerning this matter are many; what we have mentioned is sufficient for the one who is enabled to act upon them. We refrained from quoting more for fear of tiring the student. Moreover, it is better for a person to do all that is mentioned concerning that, but if that is not possible, he should stick to what he is able to do of the most important thereof. End quote.

Al-Adhkaar (p. 95).

We will list here the saheeh hadiths concerning this matter:

1 – Blowing into the cupped palms and reciting the three mu‘awwidhaat [soorahs seeking refuge with Allah, the last three soorahs of the Qur’an]:

It was narrated from ‘Aa’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her)

That when the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) went to his bed every night, he would put his cupped hands together, then blow into them, then recite into them  Qul Huwa Allahu ahad, Qul a’oodhu bi Rabb il-Falaq and Qul a’oodhu bi Rabb il-Naas [i.e., the last three soorahs of the Qur’aan), then he would wipe his hands over as much of his body as he could, starting with his head and face, and the front part of his body. He would do that three times.

The word translated here as blow refers to spitting lightly and drily.

Narrated by al-Bukhaari (5017).

2 – Aayat al-Kursiy

It was narrated that Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) said:

The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) put me in charge of guarding the collected zakaah of Ramadaan. Someone came and started to rummage in the food. I took hold of him and said, I will surely take you to the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him).… He [the one who came and rummaged in the food] said, When you go to your bed, recite Aayat al-Kursiy and you will be protected by Allah, and no devil will come near you until morning. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said, “He told you the truth even though he is a liar. That was a devil.”

Narrated by al-Bukhaari (2311).

3 – The last two verses of Soorat al-Baqarah

It was narrated that Abu Mas‘ood (may Allah be pleased with him) said: The Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said:

“Whoever recites the last two verses of Soorat al-Baqarah every night, they will suffice him.” Narrated by al-Bukhaari (5009) and Muslim (808).

The scholars differed as to what is meant by “they will suffice him.” It was said that it means they will protect him from harm during the night; or they will take the place of praying qiyaam on that night. It may be that both are meant. And Allah knows best.

4 – Soorat al-Kaafiroon

It was narrated that Nawfal al-Ashja‘i (may Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said to me: “Recite ‘Say: O disbelievers’ [al-Kaafiroon 109], then go to sleep at the end of it, for it is a disavowal of shirk.”

Narrated by Abu Dawood (5055); classed as hasan by Ibn Hajar in Nataa’ij al-Afkaar (3/61).

5 – Soorat al-Israa’

It was narrated that ‘Aa’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) said:

The Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) would not sleep before he recited Bani Israa’eel [al-Israa’] and az-Zumar.

Narrated by at-Tirmidhi (3402); he said: a hasan hadith. It was classed as hasan by al-Haafiz Ibn Hajar in Nataa’ij al-Afkaar (3/65).

6 – Soorat az-Zumar

The evidence for this is the hadith quoted above.

7 – “In Your name, O Allah, I die and I live.”

It was narrated that Hudhayfah ibn al-Yamaan (may Allah be pleased with him) said:

When the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) wanted to sleep, he would say, “Allahumma bismika ahyaa wa amoot (O Allah, in Your name I live and die)”, and when he woke up he would say “Al-hamdu Lillaah alladhi ahyaanaa ba’da ma amaatanaa wa ilayhi al-nushoor (Praise be to Allah who has brought us back to life after causing us to die, and to Him is the resurrection).”

Narrated by al-Bukhaari (6324).

8 – “O Allah, I submit myself to You, I turn my face to You, I delegate my affairs to You and I rely totally on You, out of fear and hope of You. There is no refuge or sanctuary from You except in You. I believe in Your Book which You have revealed and in Your Prophet whom You have sent”

It was narrated that al-Baraa’ ibn ‘Aazib said: Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “When you go to bed, do wudoo’ as if for prayer, then lie down on your right side, then say: ‘Allahummah aslamtu nafsi ilayk, wa wajahtu wajhi ilayk, wa fawwadtu amri ilayk, wa alja’tu zahri ilayk, raghbatan wa rahbatan ilayk, laa malja’a wa laa manjaa minka illa ilayk. Aamantu bi kitaabik alladhi anzalt, wa bi nabiyyik alladhi arsalt (O Allah, I submit myself to You, I turn my face to You, I delegate my affairs to You and I rely totally on You, out of fear and hope of You. There is no refuge or sanctuary from You except in You. I believe in Your Book which You have revealed and in Your Prophet whom You have sent).’ Then if you die, you will have died on the fitrah, (natural state), so make these the last words you speak.” I repeated [these words] to the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) and when I reached the words “Aamantu bi kitaabik alladhi anzalt (I believe in Your Book which You have revealed)”, I said, “wa bi rasoolika (and in Your Messenger).” He said: “No; ‘wa bi nabiyyika (and in Your Prophet)’.”

Narrated by al-Bukhaari (6311) and Muslim (2710).

9 – “In Your name, my Lord, I lie down, and in Your name I rise. If You should take my soul then have mercy on it, and if You should return my soul then protect it as You protect Your righteous slaves”

It was narrated that Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) said: The Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said:

“When one of you goes to his bed, let him dust off his bed with the inside of his lower garment, for he does not know what came onto it after he left it. Then let him say: Bismika Rabbee wada’tu janbi wa bika arfa’uhu wa in amsakta nafsi farhamhaa wa in arsaltahaa fahfazhaa bimaa tuhfaz bihi ‘ibaadika al-saaliheen ( In Your name, my Lord, I lie down, and in Your name I rise. If You should take my soul then have mercy on it, and if You should return my soul then protect it as You protect Your righteous slaves).””.

Narrated by al-Bukhaari (6320) and Muslim (2714).

10 – Recite “Subhaan Allah” thirty-three times, “al-hamdulillah” thirty-three times, and “Allahu akbar” thirty-four times.

It was narrated from ‘Ali ibn Abi Taalib that Faatimah (may Allah be pleased with her) went to the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) and asked him for a servant. He said:

“Shall I not tell you of something that is better for you than that? When you go to sleep, glorify Allah (by saying Subhaan Allah) thirty-three times, praise Allah (by saying Al-hamdu Lillah) thirty-three times, and magnify Him (by saying Allahu akbar) thirty-four times.” And I have never abandoned [that practice] since then. It was said: Not even on the night of Siffeen? He said: Not even on the night of Siffeen.

Narrated by al-Bukhaari (5362) and Muslim (2727).

11 – “O Allah, protect me from Your punishment on the Day You resurrect Your slaves”

It was narrated from Hafsah (may Allah be pleased with her) that when the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) wanted to sleep, he would put his right hand under his right cheek, then he would say: “Allahumma qini ‘adhaabaka yawma tab’ath ‘ibaadaka (O Allah, protect me from Your punishment on the Day You resurrect Your slaves)” three times.

Narrated by Abu Dawood (5045); classed as saheeh by al-Haafiz Ibn Hajar in Fath al-Baari (11/119).

12 – “Praise be to Allah, Who fed us and gave us to drink, and Who is sufficient for us and has sheltered us, for how many have none to suffice them or shelter them”

It was narrated from Anas (may Allah be pleased with him) that when the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) went to his bed, he said: “Al-hamdu Lillaah alladhi at’amanaa wa saqaanaa wa kafaanaa wa aawanaa fakam mimman laa kaafi lahu wa laa mu’wi (Praise be to Allah, Who fed us and gave us to drink, and Who is sufficient for us and has sheltered us, for how many have none to suffice them or shelter them).”

Narrated by Muslim (2715).

13 – “O Allah, You have created my soul and it is for You to take it in death. Its death and its life are in Your hand. If You cause it to live then protect it and if You cause it to die then forgive it. O Allah, I ask You to keep me safe and sound”

It was narrated from ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Umar that he instructed a man, when he went to his bed, to say:

Allahumma khalaqta nafsi wa anta tawaffaaha, laka mamaatuha wa mahyaaha. In ahyaytaha fahfazha wa in amattaha faghfir laha. Allahumma inni as’aluka al-‘aafiyah (O Allah, You have created my soul and it is for You to take it in death. Its death and its life are in Your hand. If You cause it to live then protect it and if You cause it to die then forgive it. O Allah, I ask You to keep me safe and sound).”

A man said to him: Did you hear that from ‘Umar? He said: From one who is better than ‘Umar, from the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him).

Narrated by Muslim (2712).

14 – “O Allah, Lord of the heavens, Lord of the earth and Lord of the mighty Throne, our Lord and Lord of all things, Splitter of the seed and the date stone, Revealer of the Tawraat (Torah), the Injeel (Gospel) and the Furqaan (Qur’an), I seek refuge in You from the evil of every creature that You seize by the forelock [i.e., have full control over them]. O Allah, You are the First and there is nothing before You; You are the Last and there is nothing after You. You are the Manifest (al-Zaahir) and there is nothing above You; You are the Hidden (al-Baatin) and there is nothing beyond You. Settle our debt and spare us from poverty”

It was narrated that Suhayl said: Abu Saalih used to tell us, if one of us wanted to sleep, to lie down on his right side and say:

Allahumma Rabb as-samawaati wa Rabb al-ard wa Rabb al-‘arsh il-‘azeem, Rabbaanaa wa Rabba kulli shay’in, Faaliq al-habb wa’l-nawa wa munzil at-Tawraati wa’l-Injeeli wa’l-Furqaan, a‘oodhu bika min sharri kulli shay’in anta aakhidhun bi naasiyatihi. Allahumma anta al-awwalu fa laysa qablaka shay’un, wa anta al-aakhiru fa laysa ba’daka shay’un, wa anta az-zaahiur fa laysa fawqaka shay’un wa anta al-baatin fa laysa doonaka shay’un. Iqdi ‘annaa al-dayna wa aghninaa min al-faqri (O Allah, Lord of the heavens, Lord of the earth and Lord of the mighty Throne, our Lord and Lord of all things, Splitter of the seed and the date stone, Revealer of the Tawraat (Torah), the Injeel (Gospel) and the Furqaan (Qur’aan), I seek refuge in You from the evil of every creature that You seize by the forelock [i.e., have full control over them]. O Allah, You are the First and there is nothing before You; You are the Last and there is nothing after You. You are the Manifest (al-Zaahir) and there is nothing above You; You are the Hidden (al-Baatin) and there is nothing beyond You. Settle our debt and spare us from poverty).” He narrated that from Abu Hurayrah, from the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him).

Narrated by Muslim (2713).

15 – “O Allah, I seek refuge in Your noble countenance and Your perfect words from the evil of all things that You seize by the forelock [i.e., have full control over them]. O Allah, You remove debt and sin. O Allah, Your troops will not be defeated, Your promise will not be broken, nor can the richness of a rich man avail him anything before You, glory and praise be to You.”

It was narrated from ‘Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) from the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) that he used to say when going to his bed: “Allahumma inni a‘oodhu bi wajhika al-kareemi wa kalimaatik at-taammati min sharri ma anta aakhidhun bi naasiyatihi; Allahumma anta takshif al-maghram wa’l-ma’tham; Allahumma la yuhzamu junduka wa laa yukhlafu wa‘duka wa laa yanfa‘u dha’l-jaddi minka al-jadd. Subhaanaka wa bihamdika (O Allah, I seek refuge in Your noble countenance and Your perfect words from the evil of all things that You seize by the forelock [i.e., have full control over them]. O Allah, You remove debt and sin. O Allah, Your troops will not be defeated, Your promise will not be broken, nor can the richness of a rich man avail him anything before You, glory and praise be to You).”

Narrated by Abu Dawood (5052); classed as saheeh by an-Nawawi in al-Adhkaar (p. 111) and by Ibn Hajar in Nataa’ij al-Afkaar (2/384).

16 – “In the name of Allah I lie down. O Allah, forgive me my sins, suppress my shaytaan, ransom me and join me with the highest assembly”

It was narrated from Abu’l-Azhar al-Anmaari that when the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) went to his bed at night, he said:

Bismillahi wada‘tu janbi, Allahumm aghfir li dhanbi wa akhsi’ shaytaani wa fukka rihaani waj‘alni fi’n-nadi al-a‘laa (In the name of Allah I lie down. O Allah, forgive me my sins, suppress my shaytaan, ransom me and join me with the highest assembly [meaning the angels on high]).

Narrated by Abu Dawood (5054); classed as hasan by an-Nawawi in al-Adhkaar (p. 125) and by al-Haafiz in Nataa’ij al-Afkaar (3/60).

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