Wednesday 26 Rabi‘ at-akhir 1443 - 1 December 2021
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Can I Fast Ashura Before Making Up Missed Ramadan Fasting?

Question

I still have days to make up for Ramadaan and I want to fast ‘Ashoora’. Is it permissible for me to fast ‘Ashoora before I have made up the fasts I owe? Can I fast ‘Ashoora’ and the eleventh of Muharram with the intention of making up the Ramadaan fasts, and will I get the reward for fasting ‘Ashoora’?.

Summary of answer

If you fast the tenth and eleventh of Muharram with the intention of making up missed Ramadan fasting, that is permissible and will make up for two of the days that you owe.

Answer

Praise be to Allah.

Firstly: 

You should not observe voluntary fasts when you still owe one or more days from Ramadaan, rather you should start with the fasts that you owe from Ramadaan, and then observe voluntary fasts. 

Secondly: 

If you fast the tenth and eleventh of Muharram with the intention of making up days that you owe from Ramadaan, that is permissible and will make up for two of the days that you owe. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, “Actions are judged but by intentions, and every person will have but that which he intended.”  Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah, 11/401 

We hope that you will have the reward for making up the missed fast and the reward for fasting that day. 

Fataawa Manaar al-Islam, by Shaykh Muhammad ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him), 2/358.

For more information, see the answers to questions No. (21775 ) and (303756 )

And Allah knows best.

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Source: Islam Q&A